Yeast infections: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment – part-1

What is a yeast infection?

Yeast infections also commonly referred to as candidiasis or moniliasis are infections caused by uncontrolled yeast propagation, especially from genus candida. Candida yeast is dangerous in your body, especially the skin and their growth stored in the body's immune system and other microorganisms in the same area. The most common culprit is the species of Candida Albicans yeast. These yeasts need moisture to grow and therefore prefer areas such as the mouth, armpit, nail bed, and genitals, making this the area where an infection is most likely to occur. Candida infections are harmless except when the yeast enters the bloodstream and spreads to sensitive organs in the body. This condition is widespread; in the course of your life, you will get at least one infection.

What are the most common types of fungal infections and what are their symptoms?

Candidiasis can broadly categorize as superficial or invasive. Superficial varieties mainly affect the skin and mucous membranes and include yeast infections of the mouth, esophagus, vagina, penis, skin, and baby.

Some common symptoms of candidiasis include changes in the mucous membrane, foul-smelling fluid, and irritation in the affected area. However, symptoms tend to vary according to the type of infection suffered. Oral candidiasis can be identified by the presence of a yellow or creamy layer on the tongue and mouth known as canker sores. Other symptoms may include patches on the tongue and palate, red or pink spots on the palate and red cracks in the corners of the mouth.

It is possible for oral candidiasis to spread to the esophagus and pharynx so that you will experience difficulties and pain when swallowing.

Perhaps the most well-known and most common type of yeast infection affects the vagina. Vaginal fungal infections, as suggested by the name affect female genitals and of course specifically for women. This is a widespread condition. Even 3 out of 4 women have it at various levels of severity in their life's journey. Symptoms include itching, burning sensation, irritation, pain and the presence of a white or grayish liquid with a fishy odor.

This is a common misconception that men are not affected by genital yeast infections, but in fact, they are also vulnerable. But this condition is far less frequent than the prevalence among women. Signs of male genital infection include redness around the penis head, itching, swelling and irritation of the penis head. This may also be accompanied by an unpleasant odor, pain during sex and urination, difficulty pulling the penis into the foreskin and white liquid under the foreskin. In men, it can also manifest itself around the groin and legs. Common signs of male fungal infections include foot athletes and itchy athletes.

If you spend a lot of time with your hands in water, you may get candidiasis on your fingernails. This manifests as a red, swollen area around the nail and accompanied by sufficient pain. In more severe cases, this can cause the separation of the pins, exposing the nails that change color.

If you spend a lot of time with your hands in water, you may get candidiasis on your fingernails. This manifests as a red, swollen area around the nail and accompanied by sufficient pain. In more severe cases, this can cause the separation of the nails, exposing the pins that change color.

Baby fungal infections can occur in babies born or breastfed by infected mothers. You can detect viruses in your baby by looking for red patches that look like diaper rash. If the rash doesn't disappear in a week, this will give you enough reason to be suspected, and you should see your child for a doctor.

Candidemia is a condition in which yeast enters the bloodstream and speeds up severe conditions especially if it spreads to vital organs such as the heart. The death rate among patients with this condition is between 30% and 50%, although the opportunistic nature of candida yeast means that it mainly kills those with severe immune deficiency conditions such as AIDS. Infrequent among healthy people and death is even less common.