What is Obesity? Important Basic Facts

Obesity can be interpreted as a state of accommodation for excess fat in the body. This can be distinguished from being overweight, namely being overweight relative to height. According to statistics, more than 60 million people in the US experience obesity problems. Obesity can be measured using a body mass index, or BMI is a person's weight (in kg) divided by the square of his height (in meters).

The exact cause or cause of obesity is unknown; However, it may be multifactorial – the main distribution for obesity problems such as genetic, environmental and physiological factors. Genetic factors appear to be the main factors that contribute to obesity in some individuals while ecological factors are more important for others. Ecological factors include decreased physical activity or a sedentary lifestyle, increased fat, and low intake of vegetables, fruits, and complex carbohydrate intake.

Other risk factors that contribute to the problem of obesity are medical conditions or health problems – examples of medical conditions that contribute to obesity such as hypothyroidism, Cushing's syndrome and lesions in the hypothalamus. Some neurotransmitters in the human body can stimulate or reduce food intake, including alpha norepinephrine.

Clinical Presentation of Obesity

Excess body fat can be determined by testing skinfold thickness, body density using underwater weight, bioelectric impedance, and conductivity and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Diseases Related to Obesity Problems

The problem of obesity can increase the risk of various medical problems, especially heart problems, diabetes mellitus (type 2), osteoarthritis and sleep problems. Sleep problems occur due to a disposition of fat in the neck and respiratory system. The best treatment for obesity is a healthy diet and lifestyle. Also, anti-obesity drugs can work for people who cannot be tolerated for diet therapy.

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