Type of epilepsy

Epilepsy is a neurological condition that affects the nervous system. There are many types of epilepsy. A series of specific symptoms characterize each epilepsy syndrome. Epilepsy is known to be hereditary in some cases. Epilepsy is classified according to signs or by the position in the brain where the symptoms originate. Common types of epilepsy are an absence of epilepsy, psychomotor epilepsy, temporal lobe epilepsy, frontal lobe epilepsy, occipital lobe epilepsy, and parietal lobe epilepsy. There are many other types of epilepsy, each with a unique set of symptoms.

People who have epilepsy repeatedly experience seizures which result in momentary aberration of consciousness. These seizures almost always begin in childhood or adolescence. This form of epilepsy tends to run in families, which suggests that it may be partly due to a gene or a damaged gene.

Psychomotor epilepsy is another term for recurrent partial seizures, especially temporal lobe seizures. The term psychomotor refers to the strange sensations, emotions, and behaviors seen in these convulsions.

Temporal lobe epilepsy, or TLE, is a common epilepsy syndrome with partial seizures. TLE often starts in childhood. Research has shown that repeated TLE can cause specific brain structures to shrink over time although it may take years for temporal lobe spasms to occur for significant brain damage, early and effective treatment is needed.

Frontal lobe epilepsy usually involves a group of short seizures with sudden onset and termination. Symptoms depend on the place in the frontal lobe. Many seizure subtypes of the frontal lobe are known.

Occipital lobe epilepsy usually causes visual hallucinations, blinking eyes or other eye-related problems. Other symptoms resemble those in cases of temporal or frontal lobe epilepsy.

Some types of epilepsy begin in infancy. The most common type of epilepsy seen in infants is infantile spasms. Some babies suffer from seizures as early as six months. During these convulsions, babies can bend and cry. Anticonvulsant drugs often do not function for infantile spasms, but seizures can be treated with ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone) or prednisone.

People should discuss the implications of their type of epilepsy with their doctors to understand various symptoms, possible treatment, and prognosis.