Epilepsy does not discriminate based on age, gender, or race. This is the fourth most common neurological disorder, which affects around 65 million people worldwide and can be started at any time in a person's life. But what is that? Epilepsy is characterized by seizures which are defined as disorders of electrical communication between neurons in the brain.
What happens when people experience seizures are different among sufferers, but when they get hit, of course, they are very disturbing to almost all aspects of life. You can have it for no reason at any time and then move on with your life, but what makes the diagnosis of epilepsy is when you have two or more separated by at least 24 hours, or you have one main reason for believing you are at high risk for more.
It is estimated that between four and ten of every 1,000 people with this disorder live with active seizures. Several different ways can affect a person: A comprehensive onset seizure affects both sides of the brain (or a group of cells on both sides of the brain) simultaneously. Tonic-clonic, absent and atonic is some of the subcategories of this type of seizure. There is also a seizure called focal onset where it starts in an area or group of cells on one side of the brain. This type can be broken down into a conscious focus onset where the person wakes up and is aware of the seizures and focus start that interferes with consciousness which means the person is confused and does not know that it happened or fell asleep when it arrived.
Unfortunately, one-third of all people living with epilepsy live with uncontrolled seizures because no treatment works for them.
But there is hope for many sufferers because there are many different treatment options available. Usually, anti-seizure drugs will change the way brain cells work and how they communicate with each other. There are several types of these drugs, and often, someone with epilepsy should try a few to find the most suitable for them. Another way to combat this condition is with a diet, as some say the ketogenic diet that is high in fat and low in carbohydrates contributes to reducing the incidence of seizures.
There is also a stimulation option that aims to stop the spasms in its path and surgical options that include cutting the part of the brain responsible for full seizure, thus eliminating the problem.