Epilepsy : Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
Epilepsy is considered a group of interconnected disorders characterized by a tendency to recurrence seizures. There are various types of epilepsy and also seizures. Epilepsy drugs are given to control seizures and sometimes when treatment is not effective then surgery is needed.
Causes of epilepsy
The most significant causes for epilepsy and seizures are considered head trauma although it is widely accepted that when long-distance injuries that have occurred before can cause epilepsy, neither there is confirmation given about how long or what type of injury it should be. However, it is generally known that the risk of epilepsy can increase substantially when there is penetration or say open wounds.
Clonic tonic seizures – These are considered very strong among each type of seizure, they can be characterized by a lack of awareness, a shivering and stiff body and no control of the bladder or sometimes tongue biting.
If every area of the brain is disrupted by nonstandard electrical activity, it can cause general seizures. This means that their lack of awareness or consciousness is disturbed. Often each’s legs and arms tighten and then rhythmically jolt.
Symptoms of epilepsy
Simple – partial seizures: These are also divided into four categories according to the nature of the symptoms, such as psychological, motor, sensory or automatic. Motor symptoms include movements such as stiffness and jerking.
Atonic seizure: When atonic seizures, the body’s muscles become floppy. If someone has such a seizure, they might fall to the ground.
General seizures: This type of seizure is considered to be the most common symptom of epilepsy, and this is several times known as grand-mal epilepsy. It affects most or all of the brain in a short one.
Symptoms may always differ depending on the type of seizure. In many cases, an individual with epilepsy will tend to get the same type of seizure very time; the symptoms will be very similar from one episode to another. But few individuals have different types of seizures, along with different symptoms each time.
Epilepsy care :
Pharmacotherapy – It has recently been proven that effective early treatment along with anti-epilepsy drugs will control seizures by up to seventy percent for people who have recently been diagnosed.
Surgical therapy – The latest enhancement in surgical techniques and diagnostic technology that leads to increasing utilization of surgical treatments.
Alternative treatments – Many alternative treatments have been widely supported for epilepsy, which includes vitamins and biofeedback. But their effectiveness is not proven.
Medications – There are currently many drugs approved for treating epilepsy. Each drug has its side effects and benefits, and different drugs are suitable for different types of epilepsy. Not even one of the drugs has proven to be the best for treating epilepsy.
Corpus Callosotomy – Individuals who contain general seizures usually do not need surgery. But when a seizure causes injury and falls, a procedure known as a corpus callosotomy may be considered.