Diagnosis of hair loss
Hair loss or alopecia in medical terms refers to a loss of hair due to several factors. These causes may include heredity which causes baldness in men and women, lack of proper nutrition, taking medication, certain diseases such as cancer, thyroid disease or lupus which weaken the immune system, undergo medical treatment for certain conditions, pregnancy, and various hairstyles that give too much pressure to the scalp that inhibits hair growth.
If you lose more than expected, now is the time to worry that you might suffer from hair loss. If you suffer from symptoms such as sudden hair loss, red scalp or areas that have debris, and total hair loss in almost all parts of the body, it's time to visit a specialist. He will show you exactly what causes your hair to fall out and can offer alternative treatments and other options to you.
Visit a doctor
If you visit your doctor for the first time to seek medical advice about your hair loss, hope he will ask about your medical and family. The doctor will ask questions about your last medical status to find out if you are undergoing treatment that can cause this condition. He will also ask about your family history to find out if genes or heredity cause hair loss because this might indicate that you are suffering from pattern baldness.
Before going to a clinic or hospital, it is advisable to record the food you eat and the drugs you take if you have one. This will help the doctor know more quickly what causes your condition. During your visit, expect him to ask details such as your hair care habits, your current emotional and physiological status, and other aspects of your life because your hair loss may be caused by stress.
In addition to asking questions, hope your doctor checks your hair and scalp. This is so important that the doctor will know how much of your hair has lost and how your scalp is. Be prepared because your doctor will examine your scalp to find out if there are signs and symptoms of infection such as redness, crusting, or flaking. To make sure about the diagnosis, there will be a need to draw a few strands of your hair to find out how strong or weak it is. This test is called a “tensile test.” Seeing how easily the hair comes out of the follicle will help the doctor determine which part of your hair is resting and which part is growing.
Your doctor can also carry out the following tests during your visit:
1. Get a skin scraping sample.
If there are debris or scrapings, the doctor will take the sample and examine it to find out if there is an infection or the cause.
2. Punch biopsy.
This is considered the last option when all tests are carried out, and no results or diagnoses made. People who suffer from alopecia areata and alopecia scar tissue are asked to undergo this test immediately. Here, the doctor uses a circular tool to remove a small portion of the thicker skin layer.
3. Blood test.
This is usually not common in screening hair loss, but some doctors recommend finding out whether the condition might be caused by an underlying medical condition such as an autoimmune disease.