5 Main Causes of Obesity

Obesity or obese can be defined as a very unhealthy accumulation of body fat. Excessive accumulation of body fat causes many health complications and even reduces the patient's life expectancy. Obesity is measured based on body mass index obtained by dividing body weight by height squared. Body mass index in the range of 25-30 Kg / m2 is considered overweight, but if your BMI is more than 30 Kg / m2, this indicates that you are obese.

Clinical trials and scientific research have confirmed that obesity is associated with various health problems such as osteoarthritis, type 2 diabetes, heart disease, obstructive sleep apnea and certain types of cancer. In 2013, obesity was classified as a disease.

Obesity is ordinarily caused by excessive food energy consumption, sedentary lifestyle, genetic or endocrine disorders, drug side effects, psychological problems or a combination of these factors. The five main causes of obesity can be described as follows:

Advantages of Food Intake:

Your body should store excess food energy as fat. If you cannot resist your temptation to favorite foods, fast food, and sweet drinks, there is no leeway from obesity. Overeating is always associated with wealth and fertility, but nowadays people are increasingly addicted to processed and unhealthy foods. People’s eating behavior may be influenced by several factors such as emotional stress, food availability, the desire to enjoy some snacks while watching TV, depression, dependence on packaged foods and more.

Sedentary Lifestyle:

Innovation and technological advances have paved the way for modern civilization, but our innovations and technology are designed to help us live a comfortable life. Our bodies are not intended to lead an inactive life, but we use cars, escalators, and even remote control devices to reduce our physical activity. Physical activity or exercise is essential for maintaining your health and well-being. If you are addicted to computer games or enjoy your favorite past activities while sitting in a comfortable chair and sipping cola, obesity will occur.

Medical Conditions:

Disorders of the endocrine system are the third most common obesity cause. Certain health conditions such as Hypothyroidism, Cushing’s syndrome and depression can cause obesity. The thyroid is a hormone that is very important for healthy metabolism. Lack of these hormones slows down metabolism, and people start collecting fat.

In Cushing’s syndrome, the excess amount of cortisol is produced which causes fat buildup. It is known that inevitable weight gain occurs during pregnancy. Avoiding breastfeeding or living an inactive lifestyle after giving birth can make you fat. Certain drugs, especially steroids, anti-hypertension, anti-depressants, antipsychotics, and anti-seizure medications are known to cause weight gain.

Psychological Distress:

When people suffer from deep-rooted emotional trauma, they try to release their emotional stress by overeating. Many people overeat when they confuse psychological emptiness with hunger. Several studies and clinical trials have established the fact that psychological problems cause eating disorders. Depression is a well-known psychological problem when people enjoy overeating.

Derived genes:

If your parents are fat, you seem to develop obesity. Genetic susceptibility is a significant cause of obesity. Bardet-Biedl syndrome and Prader-Willi syndrome are illustrative examples of genetic perceptivity, but behavioral aspects may be more important than genes. There are 56 different genes related to the obesity phenotype.